Tiếp tục chuỗi series học từ vựng tiếng Anh, KISS English gửi đến các bạn danh sách 63 từ vựng tiếng Anh chuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu.
Chắc hẳn những ai đang làm về lĩnh vực thương mại quốc tế và chuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu sẽ rất cần những từ vựng này.
Cùng tìm hiểu bài viết này, bạn sẽ hiểu rõ ngữ nghĩa và cách dùng của mỗi từ nhé:
43 Từ Vựng Tiếng Anh Về Thương Mại Quốc Tế
|Từ vựng||Định nghĩa|
|Economic outlook||How the economy is expected to perform over a period of time in the future.|
The Bank of England governor Mark Carney has said the economic outlook following the UK’s vote to leave the EU is “challenging.”
|Consumer spending||The purchase of goods and services by consumers like us.|
U.S. consumer spending rose for a second straight month in May on increased demand for automobiles and other goods, but there are fears Britain’s vote to leave the European Union could hurt confidence and prompt households to cut back on consumption.
|Free trade||Countries do business freely with each other without the restrictions of import and export taxes.|
If the British people vote to leave, the EU could become more protectionist and less open to free trade.
|Restricted trade||Countries are taxed on the goods and services moving across their borders.|
Britain hasn’t left the EU yet, but we could see an exodus of American companies from London to Paris, Berlin or other potential European tech hubs before it does in order to preempt issues of restricted trade.
|Manufacturers||Companies that make large quantities (numbers) of goods for sale. |
And manufacturers that were starting to stabilize after a prolonged slump face a new potential setback.
|Distribution||The action of sending a supply of goods to companies that sell them to consumers. |
If they have a good proportion of sales on the continent, they may move their distribution centers.
|Retailers||Companies that sell goods in small quantities directly to consumers like us.|
British retailers and restaurateurs are already bracing for higher costs after the government moved to raise the minimum wage in stages through to 2020.
|Startups||A new business venture that’s expected to grow very quickly.|
For the many Silicon Valley tech startups that have branched out to London, this represents a major problem.
|Currency unpredictability||The exchange rates fluctuate (move up and down continuously) due to certain market situations.|
As long as the uncertainty remains, cash flow issues and currency unpredictability will persist, consumer spending on tech goods will continue to drop, and tech workers will be left in a state of limbo.
|Entrepreneurs||Someone who operates (runs) and manages a business.|
Ví dụ:Viewed through the lens of American entrepreneurs and small-business owners, Brexit may seem far away, but with an increasingly globalized world, the ripple effects from across the pond will undoubtedly have an impact here at home.
|Win-win||It’s a situation where all the parties involved benefit from doing something.|
In some way, that might be a win-win outcome: supporters of the Brexit vote would have made their protest loud and clear, whereas the rest of Britain — and the rest of the world — would be saved the disastrous economic consequences of a costly divorce.
|Market turbulence||A market situation that’s unsteady (shaky) and hard to predict. |
The market turbulence generated by the referendum is already prompting some businesses to rethink hiring and investment plans.
|Real Estate||A piece of property that’s made up of land and buildings.|
Brexit may prompt wealthy foreigners to sell U.K. real estate, spurring demand for U.S. properties.
|Foreign investment.||A company decides to invest in (put money into) a company based in another country|
But homebuyers may be dealt a favorable drop in mortgage rates, while U.S. business and property owners welcome a possible fresh stream of foreign investment diverted from the U.K.
|Export||sell or transfer abroad|
We export less than we import and have a negative trade balance
|Import||bring in from abroad|
Any visible, vested interest in self-justification dooms this kind of writing from the start.
|Visible||capable of being seen or open to easy view|
a visible change of expression
|Invisible||impossible or nearly impossible to see|
Our bodies are home to an incredible array of microorganisms, invisible to the naked eye, collectively referred to as the “human microbiome.”
|Surplus||a quantity much larger than is needed|
Animal density in many of these forest areas is high, and surplus tigers sometimes venture outside for food, bringing them into conflict with people who live nearby.
|Protectionism||the policy of imposing duties or quotas on imports in order to protect home industries from overseas competition|
All of this suggests that the new system of bishops investigating bishops is simply a new face of the church’s textbook protectionism.
|Tariff||a government tax on imports or exports|
The new tariffs were predictable and are both measured and necessary
|Quota||a prescribed number|
After we reached our clover quota, I noticed Pontus and Dave squatting in a dense patch of greenery and joined their hunt for fir tips
|Bill of exchange||a document ordering the payment of money|
An economy using bills of exchange was not a monetary economy, Graziani argued, but a credit economy.
|Letter of credit||a document issued by a bank that guarantees the payment of a customer’s draft;|
She claimed the loan would be secured by a letter of credit from UBS in Switzerland, and showed statements purporting to substantiate her assets, according to an outline of the charges.
|Bill of lading||a receipt given by the carrier to the shipper acknowledging receipt of the goods being shipped and specifying the terms of delivery|
We found the bill of lading in the wall when we were renovating
|Receipt||the act of receiving|
In addition, a bank receipt found in Winkel’s purse was dated April 22 — the day after prosecutors claimed she was killed.
|Receivables||money that you currently expect to receive from notes or accounts|
That year, the airline’s trade receivables – money owed to it but not collected – jumped 50 percent even as revenue rose only 11 percent.
|Factoring||mathematics) the resolution of an entity into factors such that when multiplied together they give the original entity|
Living at home reduces expenses, but after factoring in health-care costs and taxes, Lyons said she takes home only $1,000 every two weeks
|Oversee||watch and direct|
He was the first owner in NFL history to oversee a team that won 300 games — including playoffs — in a span of three decades.
|Goodwill||a disposition to kindness and compassion|
One Indian pilot was captured and later released as a gesture of goodwill.
|Execute||put in effect|
“We got into a little bit of a rut where guys weren’t executing or optimizing their pitch selection for how to attack that hitter,” Friedman said.
|Expedite||process fast and efficiently|
We will be asking the federal appeals court to expedite the ongoing appeals proceeding to halt the irreversible and imminent damage from Trump’s border wall.
|Alter||cause to change|
But the change in the EU Parliament means there is a need for the EU to alter its approach, Mr Barclay said.
|Consent||give an affirmative reply to|
They testified this week that they were too drunk to consent.
When reducing vast amounts of raw footage into a finished film, Pennebaker said, “The one barometer I believe in is boredom. The minute people start to lose interest, that’s it.”
|Settle||become resolved, fixed, established, or quiet|
Both sides realized the appropriate thing to do was to settle with my client,” attorney Diana Fitzgerald told the newspaper.
|Surety||something clearly established|
That John Waters is a national treasure is a surety.
|Intact||undamaged in any way|
The malevolent entity possesses each person in succession, until only one is left intact to fight for survival.
|Despatch||the act of sending off something|
The modern equivalent of the bag is the red despatch box or Budget box.
|Commitment||the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action|
Esper said he is returning to the region in order to affirm the U.S. and his own personal commitments to the Indo-Pacific.
|Restriction||an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)|
an act of limiting or restricting (as by regulation)
|Exceptional||surpassing what is common or usual or expected|
And so homicide is treated as nothing exceptional — that is, unless the killing gets played up in the news.
|Pervasive||spreading or spread throughout|
But as fleeting as it may be, the right’s fascination with Ms. Williamson is pervasive.
20 Từ Vựng Tiếng Anh Chuyên Ngành Xuất Nhập Khẩu
|Từ vựng||Định nghĩa|
|bill of lading||n. list of goods and shipping instructions; waybill|
|c.&f.||abbr. cost & freight: includes shipping to named port but not insurance|
|c.i.f.||abbr. cost, insurance & freight: includes insurance and shipping to named port|
|cargo||n. goods or products that are being transported or shipped|
|certificate of origin||n. a document that shows where goods come from|
|container||n. huge box to hold goods for transport – container port n. to containerise v.|
|customs||n. 1 government tax or duty on imported goods 2 officials who collect this tax|
|declare||v. to make a statement of taxable goods – customs declaration form n.|
|f.a.s.||abbr. free alongside ship [includes delivery to quayside but not loading]|
|f.o.b.||abbr. free on board: includes loading onto ship|
|freight||n. goods being transported; cargo|
|irrevocable||adj. that cannot be undone; unalterable – irrevocable letter of credit n.|
|letter of credit||n. a letter from a bank authorising a person to draw money from another bank|
|merchandise||n. things bought and sold; commodities; wares – also v.|
|packing list||n. a document that is sent with goods to show that they have been checked|
|pro forma invoice||n. an invoice or request for payment sent in advance of goods supplied|
|quay||n. a solid, artificial landing place for (un)loading ships; wharf – quayside n.|
|ship||v. to send or transport by land, sea or air – also n. shipment n.|
|shipping agent||n. a person acting for or representing a ship or ships at a port|
|waybill||n. list of goods and shipping instructions; bill of lading – air waybill n.|
Trên đây là chi tiết về 63 từ vựng tiếng Anh chuyên ngành xuất nhập khẩu KISS English muốn giới thiệu đến các bạn. Hi vọng những từ này sẽ giúp các bạn mở rộng vốn từ vựng tiếng Anh hơn.
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